For thousands of years, silk has been considered the most luxurious textile material and got the
reputation of "Queen of the Fibers”, yet many people have limited knowledge about silk. Here we made
brief yet comprehensive introduction of silk from its history to fabric, use, and care.
History of silk
Silk and silk production is known as sericulture, whose long history dating back to
years ago is as rich and interesting as the fabric itself.
It's said that before 2700 BC, when ancient China was still in the tribal era, Lei Zu, the
of Huangdi, the leader of the tribal alliance, accidentally discovered cocoons in the wild.
they took the cocoons back from the tree, they found these white oval balls were inedible.
Zu tried to weave the boiled cocoons into the fabric and found clothes made from this fabric
were pretty comfortable and beautiful. Since then, China started the history of using silk
The history of discovering and using silk for China has been thousands of years, and till
three-century BC, silk was brought to Europe from China. European aristocrats were
this stunning fabric and exclaimed, "it's a miracle of beauty." It's undoubtful that China
unbeatable experience and techniques in silk-producing and manufacturing.
What is mulberry silk
Mulberry silk refers to silk made from cocoons of silkworms reared in captivity, eating only
mulberry leaves. The entire production process has been carefully monitored, and the environment of
the silkworms is also strictly controlled.
These allow the cocoons to spin silk threads that are rounder, more excellent, smoother, lighter,
and more uniformly colored than any other type of silk in the world. Mulberry silk fibers are also
firm, easily beating steel fibers of the same diameter in strength and durability.
What is momme
Mommes(mm) is a unit traditionally used to measure the quality of silk fabrics. 1 Momme = 4.340
grams per square meter; 8 mommes is approximately 1 ounce per square yard or 35 grams per square
Momme measures the density of silk. The density of the threads in the 25 momme silk
fabric is significantly higher than that of the 22 momme or 19 momme.
Higher momme = more threads = more durable and expensive.
So the higher the momme the better? No, it depends. For silk bedding, 22mm ~ 25mm is
the best, while for clothes, 16mm ~ 22 mm is acceptable.
How to dinginguish real silk
It's difficult for people unfamiliar with silk to distinguish real silk by eyes. Therefore, in this
part of the text, we will introduce some more accessible ways to tell silk from other artificial
How to Distinguish:
Burning real silk smells like burning our hair. The ash from burning real silk
crispy and turns to powder once you rub it.
Burning fake silk smells like burning plastic. The ash from burning fake silk is
sticky and hard to break apart.
Soak a real silk fabric sample in chlorine sanitizer or detergent, and it
gradually be dissolved.
Soak a fake silk fabric sample in chlorine sanitizer or detergent, and it
not be dissolved.
Rub fingers on the silk fabric, and you will feel very soft and yielding.
rubbing two pieces of silk fabric together near your ear, you will hear a
crunching sound - a bit like walking on snow.
Rub fingers on the fake silk fabric, and you will not feel the way real silk
gives you, the same with rubbing two pieces of face silk fabric.
What are the benefits of silk
For years, silk got the reputation of "queen of fibers" due to its various traits that benefit the
human body like moisture-wicking, anti-allergy, antibacterial, hypoallergenic, less friction,
breathable, anti-aging, and so on.
NATURAL TRAITS OF SILK
BENIFITS FOR YOU
NATURAL TRAITS OF SILK
Queen of Fibers
Silk is a natural protein fiber extracted from the substance secreted by
after lots of handling and processing. It is a fiber closest to our skin and
contains 18 amino acids beneficial to the human body. The laborious processing
inborn advantages brought silk the reputation of queen of fibers.
There are various kinds of silk secreted by different silkworms, among which
mulberry silk from silkworms that eat mulberry leaves only is the finest one
available as it's long fibers with good elasticity.
Studies have shown that silk possesses certain traits such as its naturally
hydrophobic nature and its inherent antimicrobial, antibacterial, and antiviral
properties. The use of commercially available fabrics for improvised face
coverings has also shown that silk possesses some capacity as an antimicrobial
barrier when used alone for the fabrication of face coverings.
Silk is a very breathable fabric making heat escape through it, and because of
insulating characteristics, you will get a constant stream of fresh air in
having to worry about feeling cold. It's like having a natural thermostat
in this luxurious fabric making it the best all-season textile, which is
ideal for women undergoing menopause and suffering from nightly hot flashes.
Silk fabric is quite lightweight compared with other fabrics. Duvets filled with
silk floss weight for a mere fraction of a feather/down filled duvet of the same
heat-insulating capabilities. Due to the innate heat insulating properties of
and the thermal preserving structure of the floss sheets, you don’t have to
with your duvet when you want to stretch or turn in your bed. Of course, lighter
weight helps with a variety of health issues such as blood circulation and
Silk fibers are one of the strongest natural textile fibers in the world, and
silk is made from especially high quality silk fibers with a denser weave up to
TCI (threads per inch), meaning the resulting fabric can be very strong, able to
withstand most accidental damage with ease (and we obviously do not encourage
non-accidental damage to be done to our silk).
Most silk products on the market are made of silk less than 19 momme (the unit
measure the density of silk fabrics, the higher the momme, more durable the silk
fabric is), while most of our products are ranged from 19~25 momme.
BENIFITS FOR YOU
Silk is naturally hypoallergenic. As a natural fiber emitted by silkworms, it
consists of two proteins, sericin and fibroin. Sericin is naturally infection
resistant, so it can keep away dust mites, mold, bacteria, and other common
Silk is also free of any potential irritating chemicals and toxicants, so it can
worn safely even for people with sensitive skin. It's no risk of causing eczema
flare-up, skin rashes or dreaded stuffy nose that allergy sufferers cannot be
familiar with. BTW, most silk we use is OEKO-TEX certified.
Silk is sought after by many not only because of its inborn traits that benefit
human body, but also because of its physical features. It's very smooth and soft
the touch, super gentle on the body and is called the second skin of the human
It's pretty skin-friendly that it can be worn safely and comfortably by kids,
with sensitive skin or in special needs after surgery, let alone common people.
Research into the cosmetic applications of silk has shown that sleeping on silk
pillowcases can actually prevent or decrease the formation of fine lines and
wrinkles. The natural cellular albumen in silk can help to speed up the
of skin cells, making them replenish at a faster rate, which in turn leads to
healthier plumper skin. Silk can also help with hydration as it is rich in
hydrophilic groups like amino groups. Sleeping in silk overnight, and you'll
effortlessly enjoy a beauty 'spa'.
According to beauty experts and longtime silk users, silk fabric can help keep
hair soft, moisturized, and free of pesky tangles. This is mainly because of
two key traits. Silk is smooth and has least friction force to the skin among
fibers, which is 7.4% only. So your hair won't frizz sleeping on silk.
Silk is rich in hydrophilic groups like amino, and because of its porosity, it
easy for water molecules to diffuse. So instead of absorbing moisture from your
like cotton fabric, silk fabric will moisturize your hair, promoting healthier,
The natural silk fiber is very soft and smooth to the touch; hence it's very
comfortable and easy to relax your body when sleeping on silk pillowcases or
Moreover, thanks to silk's breathable and insulating features, it's always cool
won't get overheated when sleeping on silk. The truth is, silk actually improves
your sleep quality with all its traits, and we all know how important it is to
a good night's sleep.
How to take care of silk
It takes more time and effort to take care of silk clothing, which is why some people don't want to
use silk. Whereas, as long as you know the appropriate way to handle it, it's not so hard to take
care of it.
Handwashing is always the best and safest method for washing particularly delicate items
like silk. (some may prefer DRY CLEAN).
1. Fill a basin with <= lukewarm water 30°C/86°F.
Fill a basin with <= lukewarm water 30°C/86°F is the ideal temperature for silk to be
2. Add a few drops of special detergent for the silk delicates.
We recommend TENESTAR as the brand of specialized silk
cleaner agents for our products. Woolite and other mild
detergents can also be used.
3. Let the garment soak for three minutes.
Soak the silk item and leave it to soak for three minutes.
4. Agitate the delicates around in the water.
Take the silk item and gently plunge it up and down in the water to move the water
through the fabric and wash out any dirt or residue. This motion simulates the motion of
a washing machine but is much more gentle.
5. Rinse the silk item <= lukewarm water (30°C/86°F).
Take the silk item out of the water and rinse the silk item under the clean
water till it runs clear, and all the detergent soap suds have been washed out.
6. Use a towel to soak up water after the wash.
Use a clean white towel to soak up the moisture from your silk item, but don’t rub or
wring the thing.
7. Hang the garment to dry.
Hang dry if possible; however, avoid direct sunlight exposure.
Note: For a knitted item or cashmere item, it should be laid flat to dry. A drying rack
For those without the time, patience, or just physically unable to hand-wash silk, our
products can withstand machine washing as well. Of course, there is more risk involved, and
certain precautions must be taken to minimize them.
1. Check the fabric care label.
Before you throw in the wash, check the tag to see if it can be machine washed. Some
silk items may lose color or get damaged if you use machine washing.
2. Sort the laundry.
Wash different colors and fabric separately.
3. Use a protective mesh bag.
Turn your silk item inside out and place it in a delicates mesh bag to avoid the
shearing and tearing of silk fibers.
4. Add the proper amount of neutral or special detergent for silk to the machine.
TENESTAR recommended as it is detergent specifically designed to care for silk items.
Please follow the instruction on the bottle.
5. Start a delicate cycle.
Machine wash cold on a gentle cycle. Most washing tools should have a "delicate"
setting. Some machines even have a silk setting specifically for cleaning silk.washed
6. Minimize spin time.
Spinning can be very dangerous for silk fabric as the forces involved can shear weaker
7. Use a towel to soak up water after the wash.
Take the item out of the machine and use a clean white cloth to soak up excess moisture.
Do Not Tumble Dry.
8. Hang item or lay flat to dry.
Hang dry if possible; however, avoid direct sunlight exposure. Note: For a knitted item
or cashmere item, it should be laid flat to dry. A drying rack basket recommended.
Not all silk is created equal
Here at LILYSILK, we only use the highest grade quality silk, the 6A grade mulberry silk. We have
over 12 years' experience in silk making, designing, and manufacturing, and we never stop
After unremitting research lasting years, we are proud of our revolutionary LILYÁUREA™
Natural Gold-Silk Collection
which, is a solution for very sensitive skin and for those who
are allergic to
colorants. We will also launch our unique 100% Charmeuse silk range, with elasticity – a gamechanger
in the silk industry.
We can confidently say that 'Not all silk is created equal'!